Natural Disasters

Hazards Common in Swaziland

NATURAL HAZARDS

Natural processes or phenomena occurring in the biosphere that may constitute a damaging event. Natural hazards can be classified according to their hydro metrological, geological, or biological origins.

Hydro meteorological Hazards

These are natural processes or phenomena of atmospheric, hydrological or oceanographic nature and are experienced in Swaziland.

Droughts, desertification

Areas within the country have been affected by the drought continuously due to lack of seasonal rains in those areas such as the Lubombo region and Shiselweni region. The present drought in the country has been declared an emergency because the whole country has been affected due to the El Nino induced drought at varying levels. The national disaster management agency has categorized the areas affected based on the levels of vulnerability of households affected within those areas. Lubombo and Shiselweni again were on the top priority list with high numbers of vulnerable households.

Drought occurrence table:

PRIORITY TINKHUNDLA LISTING WEBSITE
Hazards Common in Swaziland

Year

Population affected

2015/16

300 000

2011

88 511

2010

170 000

2009

256 283

2008

287 634

2007

410 000

2001

347 000

Reporting and Management Framework for Drought Eventt


PIC

  • Floods.

The last recorded major floods experienced by the country were in 1984 when the country experienced severe flooding caused by a heavy cyclone that saw torrential rains hit the country over a period of two days. The death rate was reported at 52 a month after the flooding. Major damage was on infrastructures, roads, telecommunications and many people were left homeless as it was reported to the United Nations when the country requested assistance in responding to the floods. The country has mechanism indicated below on how to respond in a flood emergency.

Responding to a flood event


222f

  • Tropical cyclones, storm surges, wind, severe storms, lighting


Type

Year

Population Affected

Strong winds

March 2010

1000

 

August 2006

6535

 

Jan 2005

1150

 

Jan 1984

632 500

Hailstorms ,thunder and lightning

2011

+/_20 families

Biological hazards

 

Processes of organic origin or those conveyed by biological vectors, including exposure to pathogenic micro-organisms, toxins and bioactive substances

 

  • Outbreaks of epidemic diseases, plant or animal contagion and extensive infestations

Epidemiological outbreak chart

TYPE

YEAR

POPULATION

Foot and mouth

Jan 1992

2228

 

Jan 1996

A/H1N1

2009

95

Avian Influenza

2009

Cholera

2009

20